Root Canal Treatment involves the removal of the dental pulp when it is inflamed (pulpitis), infected or dead. The dental pulp is the structure of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue. It extends from the crown, to the bottom of the roots and this runs the so-called conduits or root canals. When performing a root canal, the tooth is called: endodontically treated teeth.
The dental pulp may become infected by many factors, mainly due to lack of treatment of dental caries and its progression to the pulp, and trauma to the tooth or by the cumulative effect of different dental procedures performed. When dental pulp becomes infected or necrotic, painful abscess. When removing the infected or necrotic dental pulp will prevent the infection progress and destroy the bone surrounding the tooth, or it can spread to other areas of the oral cavity, otherwise, the process continues to progress and the outcome for the tooth will fatal, therefore it will be lost.
Description of Root canal Treatment Procedure
A cavity is carved through the enamel and dentin to access the dental pulp. Files are inserted or pulled to draw the same nerve. All teeth have between one and four channels and you need to extract all the pulp canals of the tooth. Once the pulp has been removed, the walls of the canals are modified in diameter, in other words are enlarged, the walls of the ducts are regularized and smoothed to eliminate crevices that they can have their anatomy, are used drugs to lower bacterial metabolism. When ducts are properly prepared and without any symptoms, say they are apt to be finished, are sealed internally with an inert material (gutta-percha is the best known), to seal any leakage through, so avoid that contamination and there is an exacerbation.
How long is a Root Canal treatment?
The procedure should take between 2 and 4 sessions about, with modern knowledge, new techniques, instruments and art equipment, these can be completed in one session, if the dental pulp is necrotic or has no injury or periapical abscess .
Anesthesia prevents pain during the procedure. You may have some mild discomfort for a few days, during the recovery process.
Today the success rate of root canal treatment is about 95% in most cases and the endodontically treated tooth should last a lifetime in the mouth. However, there are cases where root canal treatment must be repeated (re-) with a high success rate.