Root canal is a kind of dental procedure performed to treat infected, abscessed or nerve damaged teeth. It involves removing the diseased pulp tissue from the interior of a tooth where narrow channels under the pulp chamber in the inner part of the tooth are cleaned while the roots are filed with flexible nickel titanium files.
The tooth is divided into three components. The hard protective shell of the tooth is the enamel, the dentin covers the middle layer, and the dental pulp is composed of the soft tissue inner layer. Because the dental pulp contains the nerve tissue, lymph tissue and blood vessels, it is the most vital part of the tissue. If it is damaged as a result of dental caries, a fracture in the tooth, or a forceful blow to the face, then the tooth begins to decay or die. Hence, root canal therapy is needed to treat it and prevent infection and tooth loss.
In a root canal procedure, you will be given antibiotics to take for a number of days prior to the treatment. The dentist begins the procedure by administering anesthesia to the tooth to prevent pain.
At the beginning of the procedure, the dentist germantown, tn drills into the tooth to reach the pulp chamber and associated canals of the tooth and uses flexible nickel titanium pin-like files to clean the canals and apex of the root to get rid of signs of infection or debris.
Other tools such as X-rays, apex locator and microscope are used to measure the root in order to avoid traumatizing the surrounding ligaments and bone. The X-ray is used to during the cleaning stage, the apex locator as sonar probe for detecting the tip of the root, and the microscope for magnification. The dentist in germantown, tn then disinfects and seals the tooth.
Some dentists, like the dentist in memphis, tn, use a heat gun to fill the canal with a material known as the gutta-percha, which is a natural, biocompatible and anti-bacterial material that expands and closes the hollowed area in just about fifteen minutes. Instead of the heat gun, other dentists use the bonding process to close the tooth with a resin material and then fill the hole with temporary or permanent filling.